Facials – What Is a Facial?

A facial is a general term for beauty treatments that focus on the facial area, with the purpose of exfoliating, cleansing, and nourishing the skin.
The majority of facials include facial masks, various creams and lotions and are performed in a beauty saloon or spa, usually by an aesthetician, who is a trained professional that specializes in beauty treatments for the skin, and has to go through extensive training in order to get his license. If you go to get a facial done, make you sure you go to a licensed aesthetician.
The basic steps of a facial procedure are:
1. Cleansing.
The aesthetician will cleanse your face using either a sponge, a cotton pad, or a simple wash cloth, and combine it with warm water. This is done in order to open up your pores, and prepare your skin for treatment.
2. Examination, or Skin Analysis.
During this part of the process the aesthetician will examine your skin using a special type of light, sometimes using some type of magnifying device.
This is a very important part of the process, as will learn more about your type of skin and various ways you can maintain it. But this is also important for the aesthetician in order to know which type of treatment to give you, and which products to use.
3. Exfoliation.
This process is very important to your skin, as its purpose is to remove old (dead) skin cells from the outer layer (epidermis), and reveals the newer healthier skin layer underneath, unclogs your pores, reduces wrinkles, and improves your overall skin texture.
There are two types of exfoliation: mechanical or chemical, and both have their own pros and cons.
Mechanical Exfoliation – Is done by physically removing dead skin cells using scrubs or pads. Some of the ingredients used during the mechanical exfoliation include: jojoba beads, sugar, crystal, pumice, salt. It is suitable for those with normal, to dry skin.
Mechanical exfoliation is not recommended for any individual that suffers from infection, or congested skin, as physically scrubbing the area can lead to bacteria to spread and thus worsen the situation.
Chemical Exfoliation – This method is done by separating a substance, very similar to glue, that holds the dead skin cells together. The type of substances that are able to achieve this are: fruit enzymes alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, salicylic acid and glycolic acid. The process is usually performed using scrubs, and the substance that unique acids on them that vary, most commonly: fruit enzymes, alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, salicylic acid, glycolic acid and more.
4. Extraction.
This process is done in order to remove dirt from your pores, as well as blackheads and whiteheads.
It is the step that requires a professional more than any other steps, because if done incorrectly it not only painful and uncomfortable, but can also cause an infection, and should also be avoided if you suffer from acne. There is also a possibility that you simply might not need to have this done, but leave that for the aesthetician to decide.
5. Massage.
Nothing could be timed better than to have a facial massage after the somewhat uncomfortable sensation during the extraction. It is done exactly for those reasons, to ease your pain and your muscle and to prepare your skin for the next treatment.
6. Facial Mask.
During this process, the aesthetician will create a special facial mask for your specific skin type or condition. You will most likely have to leave it on for about 10 to 15 minutes, during which, a good professional will massage your scalp. If you’re not interested don’t hesitate to tell him or her.
7. Toner.
Every respected professional uses the toner to finish the entire process.
A toner eliminates excess oil and bacteria, and leaves your skin feeling fresh and rejuvenated.
If you tend to have dry skin, the aesthetician might consider using a toner with a very low percentage of alcohol, or to use a moisturizer to finish the process.
8. Post treatment.
During this time, the aesthetician will tell you more about your skin type and recommend products you can use to treat and maintain it well. Don’t be hesitant to ask any questions, it is part of the process.

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